Orthodontic problems include overcrowded teeth, too much space between teeth, extra or missing teeth, and other facial or jaw irregularities.
Some problems can be caused by habits like thumb or finger sucking, tongue thrusting, a restricted airway caused by tonsils and adenoids, mouth breathing or premature loss of primary or permanent teeth. Many of these problems affect both the alignment of your teeth and your facial appearance.
Crooked or overcrowded teeth are difficult to clean and maintain, and eventually leads to gum disease, tooth decay, and premature tooth loss. It is important to note that orthodontic problems can also be hidden behind perfectly acceptable smiles. Dr. Jacob will be able to diagnose existing or potential conditions that, left untreated, could impact your dental health.
If Dr. Jacob has recommended orthodontics, it is because she recognizes that your teeth are not in an adequate position for long term health and esthetics.
Orthodontic treatment can be accomplished by several means. The most commonly known are braces which consist of the bonding of brackets to the teeth and using wires and elastics to align teeth.
With children, it is often possible to perform early intervention and correct the shape of the jaws before the eruption of the permanent teeth. With the jaws in the correct shape, the permanent teeth will often grow into the correct position or close to it requiring little or no follow-up orthodontic treatment once the permanent teeth are in place.